Estonia

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Production (current): 
4,000 barrels per day
Production (projected): 
20,000 barrels per day
Deposits (in place): 
16.00 billion barrels
Deposits (recoverable): 
2.00 billion barrels

The plot:

Estonia plans to be for oil shale mining what Canada is to tar sands. Since well before the Second World War Estonia has mined, extracted and consumed both energy for electricity and oil from shale. By far the earliest country to commercially produce oil shale into fuel, Estonia's Eesti Energia and subsidiary Enefit have been looking to move into many countries around the planet in the name of both oil production and electrical plant operations from kerogen-based shale. Estonia's role in the expansion of extreme extraction may be among the most significant on the planet given the scale of carbon emissions and the deposits Enefit seeks to exploit.

The details:

There are two main deposits, both mined heavily, including one that straddles the Russian Federation.

Approximately 16 billion bbl in place on Estonian territory; 2.5 billion tonnes of oil shale in the earth.

Mining for oil production and feed stock for electrical power plants. Open cast and underground mining takes place at several separate mine sites, primarily in the northeast of the country. The world's two largest shale-fired power plants exist in Estonia; the industry has been extracting oil from shale (through mining and heat-retorting) since WWI. The first oil from shale locations were in Estonia and today only China and Brazil have independent commercial developments similar to Estonia. No large scale in-situ operations currently exist.

Projects continue to provide electricity beyond the borders of Estonia, including St Petersburg (former Leningrad). Oil extraction from shale is now part of Eesti Energia's local and international mandate; EE is expanding into a major international energy player as technological innovators. Continued expansion is underway in China, the United States (Green River Formation) and a host of smaller countries.

EE predicts 20 000 bbl a day of synthetic oil in Estonia alone by 2016; this is in addition to over 95% of the power grid for Estonia's electricity being supplied by shale from one of the various above and underground mines in the country. Electricity can be sold beyond Estonia's borders.

Locally Estonia suffers from severe lack of environmental oversight; The oil shale led energy industry accounts for the vast majority of air pollution and further has massive impacts on water, land and the climate itself.

Internationally Eesti-Energia of Estonia is taking on a disastrous role as the leading edge of climate destruction. Perhaps inspired by the rise of tar sands mining, extraction and development expansion both inside and outside of Canada, Eesti Energia has begun a major international push of promoting and providing technology and capital to begin oil shale mining projects for both power plant electricity and oil from shale plants in many corners of planet. The largest possible oil reserve on the earth-- the Green River Formation of Colorado, Wyoming and Utah in the United States-- now has an Eesti Energia research and development operation, along with development plans or proposals in (and not limited to): Serbia, Jordan, China, Australia and Morocco.

Articles about Estonia

Apr 9, 2013
Utah oil shale becomes political punching bag in Estonia   By Brian Maffly | The Salt Lake Tribune  Jan 25 2013   An Estonian firm’s plan to develop oil shale resources in Utah...
Apr 9, 2013
Oil shale causes 80 percent of Estonia’s pollution April 8, 2013 by Checks And Balances Project Leave a comment   The hits just keep coming against Estonian oil shale. A new story...
Apr 9, 2013
Estonian energy company produces first barrel of oil from new shale mine    Xinhua, December 21, 2012 Estonia's national energy company Eesti Energia has declared that its newly-...
Apr 21, 2013
Six int’l firms bid for Jordan’s first oil shale-fired power plantby JT | Apr 17, 2013    AMMAN –– The Attarat Power Company (APCO-- a subsidiary of Eesti Energia)...
May 7, 2013
Just the Beginning of Canada’s Filthy Tar Sands A Qualitative Jump Down a Black Hole May 07, 2013 Counterpunch by MACDONALD STAINSBY The breakneck pace of tar sands development in Canada is...
May 12, 2013
Group’s new oil shale report contains wildly inaccurate claims May 9, 2013 by Checks And Balances Project The Institute for Energy Research (IER), recently posted a blog about oil shale...
May 26, 2013
Energy experts gather in Estonia for the International Oil Shale Symposium BC, Tallinn, 14.05.2013.   On June 10-11, Tallinn will host high-level energy experts for a discussion about the...
May 30, 2013
Estonia aims to take unconventional oil revolution to shale-rich Jordan, United States By Associated Press, May 30, 2013 AUVERE, Estonia — Home to the creators of Skype and the...
Jun 12, 2013
Jordan Approves Enefit Oil Shale Plant Published: 12.06.2013 12:43   Jordan's environmental regulators have issued a license to Enefit Jordan, partly owned by Eesti Energia, for the...
Jun 13, 2013
Eesti Energia Opens Testing Facility in Frankfurt   11.06.2013  Estonian Public Broadcasting   Eesti Energia, known abroad as Enefit, has opened an oil shale testing plant in...